General Monk reconvenes the Long Parliament and Charles
the Second is restored to the throne as King at the Declaration
Birth of Daniel Defoe.
Boyle writes “New Experiments Physico-Mechanicall”.
Declaration of Breda.
Bunyan arrested while preaching in Bedfordshire.
meeting of the Royal Society of London.
Birth of Nicholas
Boyle argued against Aristotle's four elements of earth,
air, fire and water and said that matter was made up of small
corpuscles in “Physiologocial Essays”.
Robert Boyle's Law states
that the pressure and volume of gas are inversely proportional.
Foundation of the Royal Society
of London by Wren and others.
Theatre Royal, Drury Lane opens for the first time.
takes New Amsterdam from the Dutch and it becomes known as
Birth of John Vanbrugh
on the 24th January.
Dryden wrote his second play "The Indian Queen".
Wren designs the Sheldonian Theatre in Oxford.
Isaac Newton formulates
his theories of gravitation.
Robert Hooke writes "Micrographia"
1665-6: The Great Plague.
Pepys Describes the months of the Great Plague in his
"The London Gazette" is published for the first
2nd September: The
Great Fire of London
Wren appointed Commissioner for Rebuilding the City of
London after the great fire.
John Locke moves into The
earl of Shaftesbury's home as his personal physician.
Milton writes “Paradise Lost”.
Dryden writes "Annus Mirabilis".
Birth of Jonathan
Swift on the 30th November.
Henry Purcell becomes a
chorister in the Chapel Royal.
Dryden created Poet Laureate.
Isaac Newton invents his
Christopher Wren appointed
Surveyor of St. Paul’s Cathedral and Surveyor General
of the King’s Works.
Isaac Newton gives his lectures
Milton writes “History of Britain” .
Birth of Rob Roy MacGregor
on the 7th March.
Construction of Christopher
Wren's Monument to the Great Fire of London.
Passing of the controversial Game Laws which meant that
the majority of farmers could not kill game even on their
Samuel Pepys appointed
Secretary to the Admiralty.
Dryden produced the comedy "Marriage a La Mode".
Robert Hooke writes "Attempt
to Prove the Motion of the Earth".
Birth of Jethro
Tull on the 30th March.
Death of John
Milton on the 8th November.
Foundation of Greenwich Observatory
Wren lays the foundation Stone of St. Paul's Cathedral.
Henry Purcell appointed
Birth of Abraham Darby.
Bunyan writes “The Pilgrim's Progress".
Death of Thomas Hobbes on
the 4th December.
Dryden writes "Troilus and Cressida.
Halley writes "Catalogus Stellarum Australium".
Hawksmoor joins his teacher Sir
Christopher Wren in London.
The Act of Habeus Corpus is passed which meant that people
unlawfully detained could not be prosecuted at a court of
Return of Halley's
The penny post is started in London.
William Penn leaves England to found Pennsylvania what
was to become the United States.
Wren makes designs for the Royal Hospital, Chelsea.
Edmund Halley observes the comet which is henceforth known
as "Halley's comet".
The Ashmoleum Museum in Oxford, Britain's first museum is
opened to the public for the first time.
Newton describes gravity's force over the tides.
Isaac Newton begins
work on "Principia Mathematica".