Who was Paul Nash?
Paul Nash was a surrealist painter and war artist
during both the First and Second World Wars.
Date and Place of Birth:
11th May 1889, London, England.
Nash was the eldest of three children of the
Barrister Harry Nash and Caroline Maud Nash.
Colet Court Preparatory School of St. Paul's,
London. Failed to pass his naval entrance examination. Chelsea Polytechnic.
Bolt Court Art School. Slade School of Art, London.
Chronology/Biography of Paul Nash:
1901: Family move
to Wood Lane House, Iver Heath, Buckinghamshire. The garden here
was to inspire his later landscape drawings.
1906: Paul Nash
began experimenting with pen and ink drawings.
1909: His work for
a poster competition at Bolt Court Art School was highly praised
by the tutor William Rothenstein and the two became lifelong friends.
1910: Met and became
friends with Ben Nicholson at the Slade
School of Art.
1911: Nash began
to concentrate on landscapes as he felt his figurative work was
not up to standard.
1912: Visited the
Wells family at Sinodun House in Berkshire and made drawings of
Wittenham Clumps. (November) First one-man exhibition at the Carfax
1913: A friend at
the Slade School introduced him to his future wife Margaret. (May)
showed work at the New English Art Club and was praised by Roger
Fry. (November) Held a joint exhibition with his brother John at
Dorien Leigh Gallery in South Kensington, London.
1914: Paul Nash
joined the Omega workshops and worked with Fry on the restoration
of the Frescoes by Mantegna at Hampton Court Palace. Met the poets
Rupert Brooke and Siegfried Sassoon. (May)
He was included in "Twentieth Century Art: A Review of Modern
Movements at the Whitechapel Gallery in London. (July) Visited the
Lake District and made a number of landscape paintings. (December)
Enlisted in the Artist's Rifles at the outbreak of the First World
1917: After serving
in the Home Service Nash is posted to France but is invalided out
after being wounded in the Ypres salient in May. (June) One-man
exhibition of war drawings at the Goupil Gallery. (July) Met C.R.W.
Nevinson who taught him lithography. (November) Sent back to France
as an official war artist to Passchendaele.
"Void of War" held at the Leicester Galleries in London.
Shared a studio with his brother John at Chalfont St. Peter in Buckinghamshire.
1919: Paul Nash
spent most of the year in London after his discharge from the Army.
Visited Dymchurch in Kent and the Chilterns. Commissioned to do
some stage design for "The Truth About the Russian Ballet Dancers"
at the London Coliseum. Painted the "Menin Road".
1920: Went to live
at Dymchuch and painted many pictures there.
1924: Nash visits
Paris and Italy.
1925: Moves to Iden,
near Rye in Sussex.
1928: Paul Nash
exhibits widely, including watercolours and wood engravings at the
Warren Gallery and the Redfern Gallery.
1929: Death of his
1930: Nash's go
to Paris and the South of France with Edward
1931: Visits the
United States and takes a lot of photographs with a new camera given
to him by his wife. Move to New House, Rye on their return.
Avebury Stone Circle. Visited Paris, French Riviera, Spain and North
1934: Spent the
summer near Romney Marsh. Moved to Whitecliffe Farm near Swanage
1936: Paul Nash
moves to London and settled at 3 Eldon Road, Hampstead. Was a Committee
Member and exhibitor at the International Surrealist exhibition
held at the New Burlington Galleries in London.
of his oil paintings at the Leicester Galleries. Exhibited at the
Venice Biennale. (June) Visited the house of his friends Charles
and Clare Neilson in Gloucestershire called "Madams" which
was to be a major inspiration for his later paintings.
1939: Visited Avon
Gorge near Bristol. (August) Moved from London to Oxford.
Official War Artist during the second World War for the Air Ministry
and The Ministry of Information.
1941: Nash made
a series of watercolours at "Madams".
1942: Made paintings
at Sandlands, Boar's Hill near Oxford where he could see the Wittenham
Clumps from the garden. Sandlands at Boar's Hill was an inspiration
for his late oil paintings.
1943: Visited his
retrospective at Temple Newsam House in Leeds. Made watercolours
in Derbyshire. Revisited Dorset with his friend from the First World
war Lance Sieveking and saw Maiden Castle, the giant at Cerne Abbas,
Dorchester and the Isle of Portland.
1944: Paul Nash
made his last watercolours at "Madams" Visited Cleeve
near Cheltenham in Gloucestershire and painted the views of the
1945: (August) Painted
his last oisl "Eclipse of the Sunflower" and "Solstice
of the Sunflower".
- 1923: "Places".
- 1935: "Dorset
- (1949): "Outline"
September 1914 to Margaret Theodosia Odeh, a
suffragette, at St. Martin's-in-the-Fields.
St Martin's in the Fields, London
(© Anthony Blagg)
Date and Place of Death:
11th July 1946, Boscombe, Hampshire, England
whilst on holiday.
Age at Death:
Site of Grave:
Langley Parish Churchyard.
Places of Interest:
City Art Gallery, Southampton.
Bolton Art Gallery.
Grundy Art Gallery, Blackpool.
Museum and Art Gallery, Leicester.
Imperial War Museum.
Imperial War Museum.
South London Gallery, Peckham.
Pallant House, Chichester.
TYNE AND WEAR:
Laing Art Gallery, Newcastle.
Art Gallery, Rugby.
Herbert Art Gallery, Coventry.
Art Gallery, Dudley.
University Gallery, Leeds.
Ferens Art Gallery, Hull.
Pump Room Art Gallery, Harrogate.
Cartwright Hall, Bradford.
Graves Art Gallery, Sheffield.
Mappin Art Gallery, Sheffield.
Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh.
Aberdeen Art Gallery
Ulster Museum, Belfast.