When and Where was he Born?
30th July 1898. Castleford, Yorkshire, England.
Henry Moore was the seventh Child of eight of
Raymond Spencer Moore, a coalminer and Mary Baker.
Castleford Grammar School. Leeds School of Art.
Royal College of Art, London.
Chronology/Biography of Henry Moore:
1910: Began modeling
and carving in wood and clay whilst still at Castleford Grammar
School to which he had won a scholarship. He was fascinated by the
work of Michelangelo who had become a sculptor at the age of eleven
and decided to follow in his footsteps. He was taught by his enthusiastic
art teacher Alice Gostick, who gave him a rounded education in the
1914: Henry Moore
asked by the Headmaster to design a Roll of Honour to record the
names of all those Castleford boys who were marching off to fight
in the First World War.
1915: After passing
his Cambridge leaving certificate and a brief period as a student
teacher he became a full teacher at Castleford Grammar School.
1917: Henry Moore
enlisted in the Civil Service Rifles, Fifteenth London Regiment
when he turned eighteen. Was soon sent to France, where he was involved
in the Battle of Cambrai. He spent two months recovering in hospital
after a gas attack. After leaving hospital he became a physical
1919: After receiving
an ex-serviceman's grant he became the first ever student of Sculpture
at Leeds School of Art. He still lived in Castleford and took part
in Miss Gostick's evening classes for pottery. The Vice Chancellor
Sir Michael Sadler introduced him to the works of Cezanne, Gauguin
and Van Gogh as well as Negro sculpture.
1920: He was influenced
by Roger Fry's book "Vision and Design" which contained,
amongst other things, articles on Negro and North American tribal
Art. Among the other student's at Leeds was Barbara
Hepworth, also to become a famous sculptor.
1921: Won a scholarship
to the Royal College of Art in London.
1924: Henry Moore
left the Royal College, and was awarded a traveling scholarship.
1925: Embarked on
a six months study trip to Italy to study the old masters and visited
Rome, Florence, Venice, Pisa, Sienna and Padua amongst other places.
Start of his career as a Sculpture Tutor at the Royal College of
1928: Received his
first public commission from Charles Holden for the new London Transport
Headquarters at St. James Park Underground Station. The result was
the "West Wind" relief in Portland stone. First one man
exhibition at the Warren Gallery in London.
1929: Finished "Reclining
Figure" which was the first to indicate his own individual
lyrical style. Moved to live in Hampstead with his new wife and
became friends with other artists such as Barbara
Hepworth, Ben Nicholson and Naum
1930: Henry Moore
elected to the Seven and Five Society.
1931: Second major
exhibition at the Leicester Galleries in London.
1932: Became Head
of the Department of Sculpture at Chelsea School of Art.
1933: Became a member
of Paul Nash's Unit One Group. Throughout
the 1930's he had been a regular visitor to Paris and had been heavily
influenced by Picasso Arp and the sculptor Giacometti. First began
taking part in surrealist activities.
1934: Henry Moore
contributed to the Unit One Exhibition at the Mayor Gallery in London.
1936: The Museum
of Modern Art in New York borrowed two of Moore's sculptures including
"Two Forms" 1934, in wood for their "Cubism and Abstract
Art" exhibition. These were later purchased and became the
first major Moore's in an American collection. Visited Spain with
his wife, notably Barcelona and Madrid to study their collections.
Signed the manifesto urging the end of the British policy of non-intervention
in Spain and attempted to go back to Spain with a group of artists
including Auden to fight for the Republican's
in the Spanish Civil War but his request for permission to travel
was turned down by the British Government.
1939: Staying in
his cottage in Kingston in Kent when the Second World War broke
out. His teaching in Chelsea came to an end when the college was
evacuated to Northampton.
1940: Their Hampstead
home was damaged by a bomb in the blitz and they decided to move
out of London to a farmhouse called Hoglsands in Perry Green in
Hertfordshire, which was to become their home for the rest of their
1941: Moore appointed
an Official War Artist by Sir Kenneth Clark, the then Director of
the National Gallery. His "Shelter" drawings about groups
of people huddled in the London Underground during the bombings
became world renowned. Held a retrospective exhibition at Leeds'
Temple Newsam house with Graham Sutherland
and John Piper.
1942: Henry Moore
appointed to the Art Panel of the Council for the Encouragement
of Music and Arts (Later to become the Arts Council of Great Britain).
by Canon Walter Hussey for a Madonna and Child for St. Matthew's
Church in Northampton. First one man exhibition abroad at Bucholz
Gallery New York.
1945: Given an Honorary
Doctorate by the University of Leeds.
1946: (7th March)
Birth of his first and only child, Mary. Traveled to New York to
visit his traveling retrospective at the Museum of Modern Art.
1948: Won the International
Sculpture prize at the Venice Biennale.
1949: Henry Moore
appointed a Trustee of the Tate Gallery in London.
1953: Won Second
Prize at the Sao Paulo Bienale.
a Trustee of the National Gallery in London. Awarded the Companion
to construct his monumental reclining Figure for the UNESCO Building
1962: Henry Moore
completed the "Knife Edge Two Piece" which now stands
outside the Houses of Parliament in London.
1963: Awarded the
Order of Merit.
1968: Awarded the
of 289 exhibits in Florence at Michelangelo's Forte di Belvedere.
Beginning of the Henry Moore Trust administered by the Tate Gallery.
of the Henry Moore Foundation.
1981: Major exhibition
in newly democratic Spain.
at the Metropolitan Museum in New York.
1986: Major exhibition
in Hong Kong.
(1987): Henry Moore
exhibition in Japan.
1929 to Irina Radetsky a painting student at
the Royal College of Art.
When and Where did he Die?
31st August 1986. Much Hadham, Hertforshire,
Age at Death:
Site of Grave:
pArtist'sís Corner of the Crypt, St. Paulís
Henry Moore's Grave Plaque,
St Paul's Cathedral
(© Anthony Blagg)
Places of Interest:
Abbot Hall Art Gallerry, Kendal.
Henry Moore Foundation, Hoglsands, Perry Green.
Bolton Art Gallery.
Walker Art Gallery.
Grounds opposite the Houses of Parliament.
St. James Park Underground Station, "West Wind" relief
in portland stone.
Imperial War Museum.
Kenwood House, Hampstead.
Sainsbury's Centre for Visual Arts, University
of East Anglia, Norwich.
St. Matthew's Church, Northampton.
Pallant House, Chichester.
University Gallery, Leeds.
City Museum and Art Gallery, Leeds.
Mappin Art Gallery, Sheffield.
Scottish Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh.
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