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Cleric and Oxford Martyr


Photo of Hugh Latimer

When and Where was Hugh Latimer Born?

1485, Thurcaston, Leicestershire, England.

Family Background:

Hugh Latimer was the son of a yeoman farmer.

Education:

Cambridge University.

Chronology/Biography of Hugh Latimer:

1510: Elected a Fellow of Clare College, Cambridge.

1512: Hugh Latimer ordained as a priest.

1522: Appointed a University Preacher at Cambridge and converted thereafter to Protestantism.

1534: Defended King Henry the Eight's divorce from Catherine of Aragon.

1535: Made Chaplain to Anne Boleyn and Rector of West Kington in Wiltshire. Created Bishop of Worcester.

Oxford Marytyrs Memorial
Memorial commemorating the Oxford Martyrs
in St Giles, Oxford designed by Gilbert Scott

(© Anthony Blagg)

1536: Resigned his See after the passing of the King's "Six Articles". Effectively imprisoned until the death of the King and the accession of his son facing actual prison in 1546.

1539: At the opening of the Convocation he preached powerfully in favour of the Reformation.

1547: Accession of King Edward the Sixth. Hugh Latimer was released but continued to preach against the many abuses of the church and clergy as he saw them. His sermons were noted for their vivid deliveries.

1553: After the accession of the Roman Catholic Queen Mary the First he declined to defend himself against a trial and also refused to recant his protestantism. After the show trial he was burnt at the stake with his fellow martyr Nicholas Ridley.

Written Works:

  • 1548: "A Notable Sermon Preached at St. Paul's Cathedral".
  • 1549: "Seven Sermons Preached before the King".
  • 1562: "Twenty-Seven Sermons".
  • 1571: "Fruitful Sermons".

Marriage:

Never married.

When and Where did he Die?

16th October 1555. Burned at the stake next to Balliol College, Oxford, England.

Age at Death

70.

Site of Grave:

Ashes scattered at site of execution.

Martyrs Cross
Cross marking the spot in Broad Street, Oxford
where Latimer was burnt at the stake.

(© Anthony Blagg)

Places of Interest:

OXFORDSHIRE:

Balliol College, Oxford
St Mary's Oxford
Broad Street, Oxford

WORCESTERSHIRE:

Worcester Cathedral

 

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