When and Where was he Born?
12th February 1809. The Mount, Shrewsbury, Shropshire,
Charles Darwin was the son of Robert Waring Darwin,
Physician of Shrewsbury, Shropshire and Susannah, Daughter of Josiah
Wedgwood. Grandson of Erasmus Darwin the physician, philosopher
Shrewsbury School. Edinburgh University to study
Medicine. (The sight of blood turned him from that profession!)
Christ's Church College, Cambridge to take Holy Orders.
Statue of Darwin outside Shrewsbury Public Library,
once his old school.
(© Anthony Blagg)
Chronology/Biography of Charles Darwin:
two papers to the radical student body the Plinian Society.
1829: Goes on an
entomological tour of North Wales with Professor F.W. Hope.
1831: (26th April)
Receives his degree and plans a trip to the Canary Islands. August.
Goes on a geological tour of North Wales with Professor Adam Sedgewick.
(29th August) Receives an invitation, whilst still at Cambridge
University, to be the unpaid naturalist on board H.M.S. Beagle for
its projected voyage round the world, captained by Robert Fitzroy.
(At this time he has no formal scientific training). (27th December)
Sets sail from Devonport. Ship sails for Tenerife, Cape Verde Islands
Charles Darwin has his first major fossil find of extinct animals.
(December) Has his first view of the Indians of Tierra del Fuego
off South America.
Arrives in the Galapagos Islands and studies the natural history.
Is particularly struck by the finches and the tortoises. Sails on
to Tahiti, New Zealand and Tasmania.
1836: (2nd October)
Arrives back in Falmouth, England.
1837: (March) Lives
at 36 Great Marlborough Street, London. (31 May) Reads his paper
on the formation of Coral Reefs to the Geological Society of London.
Begins his first notebook on the "Transmutation of Species".
1838: Begins further
notebooks on "Man and Materialism". (September) First
formulation of his theory of evolution by natural selection.
1839: Moves to Macaw
Cottage, 12 Upper Gower Street, London. Elected a Fellow of the
Royal Society of London and forms a friendship with Charles
Lyell the President of the Geological Society of London. (December)
Birth of his first child William Erasmus. Began observations on
1841: Birth of Charles
Darwin's daughter Anne Elizabeth.
Shrewsbury Unitarian Church where Darwin once worshipped
(© Anthony Blagg)
1842: Family moves
to Down House, Downe, Kent. (September) Birth of daughter Henrietta
1844: Robert Chamber's
"Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation" is published
1845: Birth of son
1846: Charles Darwin
begins an eight year study of barnacles.
1847: Birth of daughter
1848: Birth of son
1850: Birth of son
1851: (April) Death
of child Anne Elizabeth. (May) Birth of son Horace.
1856: Birth of son
1858: (18th June)
A Letter from Alfred Russell Wallace discussing a memoir on the
Malay archipelago, a very similar theory to his own, made up his
mind for him to go public for the first time. 28th June) Death of
his son Charles Waring. (1st July) Papers by Darwin and Wallace
are read out at the Linnaean Society in London, although neither
of them are present. Begins writing the "Origin of Species".
1859: (19th March)
Charles Darwin completes "The Origin of Species". (24th
November) 1,250 copies are sold on the first day of its publication.
Second edition is published and 3,00 copies are sold. T.E.
Huxley and Wilberforce debate evolution at Oxford.
1863: Started work
on climbing and insectivorous plants, which continued until his
1864: Awarded the
Copley Medal by the Royal Society of London.
1867: Turned his
attention to the expression of emotions.
1872: Sixth edition
of the "Origin of Species" sells 3,000 copies.
Zoology of the Voyage of H.M.S. Beagle, edited and superintended
by Charles Darwin.
- 1842: "The
Structure and Distribution of Coral Reefs".
"Observations on the Volcanic Islands, Visited During the
Voyage of H.M.S. Beagle".
- 1845: "Journal
of Researches into the Natural History and Geology of the Countries
Visited During the Voyage of H.M.S. Beagle Round the World."
- 1846: "Geological
Observations on South America."
"The Origin of Species".
- 1865: "The
Movements and Habits of Climbing Plants".
- 1868: "Variation
in Animals and Plants under Domestication".
"The Descent of Man".
"The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals".
"Insectivorous Plants". "Climbing Plants".
"The Effects of Cross and Self-Fertilisation in the Vegetable
- 1877: "The
Different Forms of Flowers on Plants of the Same Species."
- 1880: "Power
of Movement in Plants".
"The Formation of Vegetable Mould through the Action of Worms,
with Observations on their Habits".
"Different Forms of Flowers on Plants of the Same Species".
20th January 1839 to his first Cousin Emma Wedgwood,
at St. Peter's Church, Maer on their Staffordshire estate.
When and Where did he Die?
19th April 1882. Down House, Downe, Kent, England.
Age at Death:
Site of Grave:
Westminster Abbey, London, England.
Westminster Abbey, London
(© Anthony Blagg)
Places of Interest:
The Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road.
Lived at 12 Gower Street.
Went to School in a building in Shrewsbury, which
is now the main Public Library.
Holidayed in the Malverns in 1848.
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